Pharao ist ein Aufbauspiel, das im November von der Firma Sierra Entertainment Im Oktober erschien mit Königin des Nils: Kleopatra ein Add-on zu Pharao. Es beinhaltete unter bearbeiten]. Pharaoh bei MobyGames (englisch). Pharaoh/Cleopatra and Alpha Centauri and two of my favorite games of all time. Just can't beat em. Lesen Sie weiter. Missbrauch. Pharaoh + Cleopatra jainsadhu.com Key GLOBAL. Can activate in: Germany: Check country restrictions. Immerse yourself in Ancient Egypt from the age of the great.
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Like many royal houses, members of the Ptolemaic dynasty often married within the family to preserve the purity of their bloodline.
In keeping with this custom, Cleopatra eventually married both of her adolescent brothers, each of whom served as her ceremonial spouse and co-regent at different times during her reign.
Roman propaganda painted Cleopatra as a debauched temptress who used her sex appeal as a political weapon, but she may have been more renowned for her intellect than her appearance.
Coins with her portrait show her with manly features and a large, hooked nose, though some historians contend that she intentionally portrayed herself as masculine as a display of strength.
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Cleopatra was not Egyptian. Despite his brilliant military prowess, his political skills and his After the Egyptian queen and her longtime lover, the Roman general Mark Antony, saw their combined forces decimated in the Battle of Actium in 31 B.
The Roman politician and general Mark Antony 83—30 B. His romantic and political Octavian engaged in a war of propaganda, forced Antony's allies in the Roman Senate to flee Rome in 32 BC, and declared war on Cleopatra.
When Cleopatra learned that Octavian planned to bring her to his Roman triumphal procession, she killed herself by poisoning, contrary to the popular belief that she was bitten by an asp.
Cleopatra's legacy survives in ancient and modern works of art. Roman historiography and Latin poetry produced a generally critical view of the queen that pervaded later Medieval and Renaissance literature.
In the visual arts, her ancient depictions include Roman busts , paintings , and sculptures , cameo carvings and glass , Ptolemaic and Roman coinage , and reliefs.
In Renaissance and Baroque art , she was the subject of many works including operas , paintings, poetry, sculptures, and theatrical dramas.
She has become a pop culture icon of Egyptomania since the Victorian era , and in modern times, Cleopatra has appeared in the applied and fine arts, burlesque satire, Hollywood films, and brand images for commercial products.
Ptolemaic pharaohs were crowned by the Egyptian High Priest of Ptah at Memphis , but resided in the multicultural and largely Greek city of Alexandria , established by Alexander the Great of Macedon.
Roman interventionism in Egypt predated the reign of Cleopatra. He distinguished himself by preventing Ptolemy XII from massacring the inhabitants of Pelousion , and for rescuing the body of Archelaos , the husband of Berenice IV, after he was killed in battle, ensuring him a proper royal burial.
Gabinius was put on trial in Rome for abusing his authority, for which he was acquitted, but his second trial for accepting bribes led to his exile, from which he was recalled seven years later in 48 BC by Caesar.
Ptolemy XII died sometime before 22 March 51 BC, when Cleopatra, in her first act as queen, began her voyage to Hermonthis , near Thebes , to install a new sacred Buchis bull, worshiped as an intermediary for the god Montu in the Ancient Egyptian religion.
These included famine caused by drought and a low level of the annual flooding of the Nile , and lawless behavior instigated by the Gabiniani, the now unemployed and assimilated Roman soldiers left by Gabinius to garrison Egypt.
In 50 BC Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus , proconsul of Syria, sent his two eldest sons to Egypt, most likely to negotiate with the Gabiniani and recruit them as soldiers in the desperate defense of Syria against the Parthians.
Despite Cleopatra's rejection of him, Ptolemy XIII still retained powerful allies, notably the eunuch Potheinos , his childhood tutor, regent, and administrator of his properties.
Ptolemy XIII arrived at Alexandria at the head of his army, in clear defiance of Caesar's demand that he disband and leave his army before his arrival.
When Ptolemy XIII realized that his sister was in the palace consorting directly with Caesar, he attempted to rouse the populace of Alexandria into a riot, but he was arrested by Caesar, who used his oratorical skills to calm the frenzied crowd.
Judging that this agreement favored Cleopatra over Ptolemy XIII and that the latter's army of 20,, including the Gabiniani, could most likely defeat Caesar's army of 4, unsupported troops, Potheinos decided to have Achillas lead their forces to Alexandria to attack both Caesar and Cleopatra.
Ptolemy XIII tried to flee by boat, but it capsized, and he drowned. Theodotus was found years later in Asia, by Marcus Junius Brutus , and executed.
Caesar's term as consul had expired at the end of 48 BC. Caesar is alleged to have joined Cleopatra for a cruise of the Nile and sightseeing of Egyptian monuments ,    although this may be a romantic tale reflecting later well-to-do Roman proclivities and not a real historical event.
Caesarion , Cleopatra's alleged child with Caesar, was born 23 June 47 BC and was originally named "Pharaoh Caesar", as preserved on a stele at the Serapeum in Memphis.
Cleopatra's presence in Rome most likely had an effect on the events at the Lupercalia festival a month before Caesar's assassination.
Octavian, Antony, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate in 43 BC, in which they were each elected for five-year terms to restore order in the Republic and bring Caesar's assassins to justice.
By the end of 42 BC, Octavian had gained control over much of the western half of the Roman Republic and Antony the eastern half, with Lepidus largely marginalized.
Cleopatra carefully chose Antony as her partner for producing further heirs, as he was deemed to be the most powerful Roman figure following Caesar's demise.
Mark Antony's Parthian campaign in the east was disrupted by the events of the Perusine War 41—40 BC , initiated by his ambitious wife Fulvia against Octavian in the hopes of making her husband the undisputed leader of Rome.
Antony summoned Cleopatra to Antioch to discuss pressing issues, such as Herod's kingdom and financial support for his Parthian campaign.
In this arrangement Cleopatra gained significant former Ptolemaic territories in the Levant, including nearly all of Phoenicia Lebanon minus Tyre and Sidon , which remained in Roman hands.
Bundle info. Add to Account. Govern all aspects of the exotic Egyptian, culture from religion to trading with distant cities. Cultivate vast farms in the Nile valley and discover the important role this river, with its unpredictable floods, played in the life of the Egyptians.
Stone by stone, erect giant monuments - from the Sphinx, to the lighthouse and library of Alexandria. Manage your city poorly and you shall watch it burn, be pillaged or collapse in economic ruin.
Manage it well and ultimately the greatest Egyptian structures will be built in your honor. Your rule will span generations, until your dynasty, your royal bloodline produces a Pharaoh!
Although her son may have held nominal power for a few days beyond Cleopatra's suicide, she was the last, effectively ruling pharaoh. Share Flipboard Email.
What is the total cost to run the site? How can I donate? How may I? Immerse yourself in Ancient Egypt from the age of the great pyramids to the final years of the New Kingdom.
Govern all aspects of the exotic Egyptian, culture from religion to trading with distant cities. Cultivate vast farms in the Nile valley and discover the important role this river, with its unpredictable floods, played in the life of the Egyptians.
Stone by stone, erect giant monuments — from the Sphinx, to the lighthouse and library of Alexandria.